Housing crisis and its impact on adequate housing

Institute for Sociology, Centre for Social Sciences, Hungarian Academy of Sciences Centre of Excellence, Budapest and Faculty of Social Sciences, Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary

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Prof. Dr. Adrienne Csizmady


Dr. Adriana Diaconu, Université Grenoble Alpes, Pacte - Laboratoire de sciences sociales, Grenoble, France

Dr. ing. Gerard van Bortel, Assistant Professor of Housing Management, Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, TUD, Delft, Netherlands


Budapest Methodological Centre of Social Policy, Budapest, Hungary

Metropolitan Research Institute, Budapest, Hungary

Housing Europe, Brussels, Belgium

Centre for Development of Non-Profit Organisations, Zagreb, Croatia

Research project

Housing systems in Europe have to deal from time to time with problems that have a long-term impact on housing affordability, such as the last financial crisis in 2008. These systems have become increasingly vulnerable to volatility, threatening the sustainable reproduction of economic growth and social life. Lately, housing is increasingly seen as a means of wealth creation rather than a social good: housing is increasingly commodified. The growing and dominant role of financial markets and companies in the housing sector has resulted in unaffordable and inadequate housing and discrimination. According to the United Nations, the right to adequate housing encompasses security of tenure; availability of services and materials; facilities and infrastructure; affordability, habitability, accessibility, location and cultural adequacy. Strong social policy measures are essential to have a housing sector capable of addressing these issues.

The promotion of adequate housing is a holistic problem that must be addressed with a systematic approach. The purpose of this research work is to understand the reasons why housing shortage became a social and economic problem, exploring the causes behind the changes in housing needs and the differences between needs and opportunities of cohorts and households with different status. A comparative study of policies, regulatory and financial instruments that can help create housing tenures which reflect current housing needs will be conducted. The investigation will focus on countries with different housing systems (liberal, social democrat; continental, Mediterranean and transitional). The possible roles of public policy in shaping the attractiveness of certain housing conditions will also be investigated. Ultimately, an analysis of best practices will result in a set of general policy recommendations for decision support, as well as guidelines for policy makers, professionals and housing providers to encourage rental and other forms of tenure beyond home ownership.

A mixed methodology will be applied in this project, including desktop research, policy analysis, case studies, action research, surveys, interviews, and focus groups. Case studies of good practices in several European countries will be identified with the collaboration of partner organisations supervising the secondments.

->To conduct an individual research project, interlinked with the other ESRs projects, focusing on:
  • Housing finance policies in the current political and economic contexts of the EU and their relationship with national housing systems
  • Financial innovations that have proven to be effective to face the housing crisis in Europe
  • Best practices of regeneration programmes to make housing more inclusive and affordable in different political and social contexts
  • Methods for analysing changes in tenure types over time and space
  • Identifying the causes of changing housing needs
->To participate in the network-wide activities (workshops, summer schools, conferences)
->To carry out the training required by the PhD programme of the host university

As part of the individual research project, ESRs will carry out four secondments, each of 1 to 2 months, in the partner organisations.

ESRs are expected to have completed a doctoral thesis that can be defended at the host institution within or shortly thereafter the project lifetime.

Specific requirements
->MA or MSc degree in Social Sciences, Social Geography, Political science, Urban Planning, Housing Studies, or equivalent
->Experience with statistical and/or qualitative data analysis software (e.g. SPSS, SAS, Stata, R, AtlasTi, etc)
->It is desirable that candidates have professional experience on urban and housing issues
Generic requirements

The candidates must fulfil the eligibility and mobility requirements of the Marie Curie ITN programme:

To be eligible for recruitment within an ITN project, you must – at the date of recruitment – be within the first four years (full-time equivalent research experience) of your research career and not have a doctoral degree. Full-time equivalent research experience is measured from the date when you obtained the degree entitling you to embark on a doctorate (either in the country in which the degree was obtained, or in the country in which you are recruited), even if a doctorate was never started or envisaged. You may therefore be required to provide documentation proving your eligibility for recruitment.
You are required to undertake transnational mobility in order to be eligible for recruitment in an ITN project. As such, you must not have resided or carried out your main activity (e.g. work, studies) in the country where you are applying to for more than 12 months in the 3 years immediately before the recruitment date. Holidays are not counted. Your employer is required to verify this fact, therefore you may be required to provide supporting documentation proving your place(s) of residence or work during the previous 3 years. Note that the mobility rule applies only to your first recruitment within the project, and not to other organisations to which you might be sent on secondment or at which you may subsequently also be recruited. Finally, the mobility rule is related to your residence or main activity and not to your nationality.

Please find more information about the requirements for Marie Skłodowska-Curie Fellows in Innovative Training Networks here

About us

Eötvös Loránd University Budapest (ELTE) Faculty of Social Sciences, Doctoral School of Sociology is the leading doctoral school of sociology in Hungary. The ESR will enrol in the PhD Program of Sociology at ELTE and will work together with the researchers of the Institute of Sociology, Centre for Social Sciences (CSS).The Institute is one of the largest social science research institutions in Central Europe performing research activities mainly in the fields of sociology, political science, network science, minority studies and law. CSS staff comprises 180 national and foreign researchers. The Urban and Environmental Research group is currently working on several international research projects dealing with housing affordability, energy poverty, tourism, sustainability and rural development. The project “Societal challenges of energy use” investigates the social and environmental effects of disparities in access to energy and energy use on households living in energy poverty, and households using energy effective and smart energy solutions. The “Families in housing crisis” project aims at providing a structural picture of the housing crisis at the macro (policy) and micro (household) level in Central and Eastern Europe. The H2020 “Ruralisation” focuses on the process of ruralisation as counterforce to urbanisation and its goal is to find out stimulating opportunities for economic and social sustainability within a rural context.


The Marie Skłodowska-Curie programme offers highly competitive and attractive salary and working conditions which include:

->a living allowance (2,531 Euros per month)
->a monthly mobility allowance (600 Euros per month)
->a family allowance (if applicable, 500 Euros per month)

These allowances are used to cover the gross salary, employers’ compulsory deductions and benefits for the three years of the Marie Curie programme. The living allowance is a gross EU contribution to the salary costs of the full-time researcher. The family allowance is an estimated average that will be adapted to the specific conditions of the hired researcher. All three subsidies are subject to the deduction of compulsory social security contributions and income taxes in accordance with the regulations applicable in the country of the host institution. At the end of the three-year contract any possible difference between the gross amounts paid and the amount to be paid according to the programme will be equalized.

Enrolment fees in the PhD programme of the host institution will be covered by the programme during the 36-month period.


Please use this form to provide the following information:

->personal data
->confirmation of compliance with the eligibility and mobility requirements

And the required documentation:

->letter of motivation (maximum 2 pages)
->CV in EUROPASS format
->certificate of English proficiency
->transcripts of your academic degrees (translated into English, by a sworn translator; including ranking of degree classification)
->a research proposal in line with the ESR project (maximum 6 pages), for each ESR project you would like to apply (maximum three)
->if applicable, a professional portfolio
->two reference letters

Dr. Adrienne Csizmady (

More information

Ph.D. at Eötvös Loránd University

Working at Institute for Sociology

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